Soora 112


[1] (In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)


The meaning


More explanation

[Christians said that God is three: a father, a son and a Holy Ghost; therefore, this soora was revealed in reply to them:]

[2] 1. Say [O Mohammed to those Christians who believe in the Trinity]:

"He is God, One [but not three whom you claim to be one.]" a


[3] 2. "God is Eternal [and Invariable b.]"


[4] 3. "Who never begot [anyone], nor was He ever begotten."


[Then He confirmed that by His saying be glorified:]

[5] 4. "And none [of creatures] is like to Him [in managing the universe.]" c


1 a It means those three whom you consider as one: the first is God be glorified; while the second is the Christ who is Gods messenger, and not his son as do you claim. And the Holy Ghost is Gabriel who is one of the angels and a messenger to the prophets.



2 b Concerning His attributes, and He never changes.

That is because they claim that God is a spirit, and this spirit came down from heaven and entered the body of the Christ after the crucifixion, so he arose from the grave and went up to heaven. Therefore, He consists of the body of the Christ and the spirit of God. And so they call him: the Holy Ghost.

So that by their saying father they mean the first One [of the three] that is the Eternal, and by the son they mean the Christ before his death, and by the Holy Ghost they mean the final who became consisted of a body and a spirit according to their claim; and they said: The three are one.

Therefore, God objected to them by His saying that: (God is Eternal [and Invariable]), i.e. He is Unchangeable concerning His attributes; He does not change, and does not enter into a human body as do they claim, neither does He give birth so that He may have any son as do they imagine.



4 c It means: none of creatures may stand instead of Him in managing the universe: neither any angel, nor the Christ nor anyone else; because they only are created beings, and any created being is unable to manage the affairs of creatures.


By God's help, the interpretation of the soora 112 of the Quran is completed;

So (praise be to God: Lord of the worlds.)


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