Soora 105


[1] (In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)


The meaning


More explanation

[2] 1. Have you [Mohammed] not known how your Lord dealt with the 'host of the elephant' a ?


[3] 2. Did He not frustrate their wicked planning b?


[4] 3. And send against them the [black] birds c in swarms,


[5] 4. Shooting them with sedimentary stones [: pebbles d],


[6] 5. So He made them like husk e: eaten [and dropped by the cattle]?


1 a They were a folk from Abyssinia; they were Christians; their chief were Abraha the cleft-lipped; they came intending to demolish the Kaaba at Mecca; they had an elephant on which their leader mounted.

So God be glorified sent against them groups of birds, which were the black ravens, carrying pebbles and shooting them with such pebbles, so He dispersed their mass and destroyed them. The elephant sat in its place and could not stand, as in His saying be glorified in the next aya:



2 b i.e. their purpose to destroy the Kaaba was frustrated and lost.



3 c Which carried the pebbles with their claws and beaks and threw the pebbles on them; so the elephant sat on the earth, and it could not walk whatever they drove and beat it. And God cast terror in their hearts, so they ran away and perished.



4 d Which the birds carried from a valley near to Mecca.

It has been explained about such stones in the interpretation of the Quran 11: 82.



5 e This Arabic word in the aya which means husk, has been explained in the interpretation of the Quran 55: 12 that is His saying be glorified:

(And the husked grain and the scented herb.)

When this soora was revealed, concerning the story of the Host of the Elephant, none of the Meccans objected to the Prophet about it, because the Meccans were near in time to the event of the Host of the Elephant.

Moreover, during the reign of King Ghazi (son of Faisal, son of King Hussein King of Hijaz whom the English banished to Cyprus); so when Ghazi was king in Iraq, an event happened - in the twenties of the twentieth century similar to the event of the Host of the Elephant in respect to the birds:

A plane returned to Baghdad and when it intended to land in the airport, it was attacked by the swarms of black raven birds, which started to peck it and to fly round about it, to the extent that the plane was about to fall down on the ground, and the pilot could only with difficulty manage to get rid of those birds, on account of their large number.

This news was announced in Baghdad and was published by the local newspaper at that time.



By God's help, the interpretation of the soora 105 of the Quran is completed;

So (praise be to God: Lord of the worlds.)


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